; “seaside”) is a state city in Latvia, about 25 kilometres west of Riga. Jūrmala is a resort town stretching 32 km and sandwiched between the Gulf of Riga and the Lielupe River. It has a 33 km stretch of white-sand beach, and a population of 49,325 in 2019, making it the fifth-largest city in Latvia. Whereas Riga has advanced rapidly to embrace and cater for growing numbers of Western tourists, Jūrmala has lagged behind. Russians are now subject to strict visa requirements and its beaches have yet to attract significant numbers of Europeans, leaving the tourist industry with a hard task on its hands.
The “Jaunais Vilnis” New Wave music festival showcases the latest music from all over Europe. The Lonely Planet guide to the region states that it is one of the highlights of Latvia. Although many amenities such as beach-houses and concrete hotels remain, some have fallen into disrepair. Jūrmala remains a tourist attraction with long How to Develop and Code my Own E-commerce Website beaches facing the Gulf of Riga and romantic wooden houses in the Art Nouveau style. The city of Jūrmala actually consists of a string of small resorts. From west to east, these include Ķemeri, Jaunķemeri, Sloka, Kauguri, Vaivari, Asari, Melluži, Pumpuri, Jaundubulti, Dubulti, Majori, Dzintari, Bulduri and Lielupe and others.
Names and administrative history
The town has an official list of 414 historical buildings under protection, as well as over 4,000 wooden structures.. Dubulti Station is an example of sculptural concrete shell Modernist architecture. The republican cities were replaced with state cities (Valstspilsētas) after the 2021 administrative reform. A six lane road, designated A10 and E22, connects Riga to Jūrmala. A road toll is required from non-residents to pass the 4-lane bridge over Lielupe and drive into Jūrmala. A railway overpass was built at Dzintari Station in 1976, giving a fast four-lane traffic flow into central Jūrmala.
However, during the past few years, Jūrmala has started to recover. Many Russian celebrities, successful businessmen and others buy houses near the beach, and a variety of festivals and other activities attract increasing crowds each summer. At the moment, Jūrmala has almost resumed the popularity that it had with the Soviet elite. In Soviet times Jūrmala was popular with the Communist officials because of its beach and sanatoriums – holidays were also given as rewards for top union members. It became one of the most popular holiday destinations in the whole Union. The spas offered facilities from mud baths to riding therapy and hiking in the woods.
Wealthy landowners began the tradition of relaxing at the seaside, and Russian army officers came here to rest after the Napoleonic Wars, returning later with their families. The sea breeze, bdswiss forex broker review pine aroma, mineral springs, and sandy beach encouraged many sanatoriums to develop within the city. There is also the Midsummer Festival in June, celebrating the longest day of the year.
The best Latvian men’s team of Aleksandrs Samoilovs and Jānis Šmēdiņš took home silver, losing 2–0 to Italy in the finals. The best Latvian’s women’s team of Tina Graudina and Anastasija Kravcenoka lost in the quarterfinals to Germany 2–0. A 2,800 stadium was purpose built on Majori beach, with near capacity for most games. After the restoration of Latvia’s independence, the building was privatised and its reconstruction started, but the project was unsuccessful and reconstruction has still not been completed.
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It is popular amongst canoeists and kayakers as Lielupe flows through and connects populated municipalities including Bauska, Mežotne, Jelgava, Kalnciems and Riga. In addition waterskiing, fishing, boat cruising and taking summer ferry trips are popular. The Dzintari watchtower at 33.5 meters high, soars past the pine trees with a large viewing platform at the top allowing tall distant objects to be seen such as the Riga Radio and TV Tower. Throughout the entire height of the watchtower a total of 12 platforms are formed, overlooking all directions. Former Swimming Establishment of Emilija Racene on the beach in Majori – The building was constructed at the beginning of the 20th century and saw its expansion in 1914. During Soviet times the building hosted resort clinics that were among the most well-arranged treatment establishments in Jurmala.
- A stretch of 13 km of the line runs within a kilometre of the sea, and there are ten stations within easy walking distance from the beach.
- There is also the Midsummer Festival in June, celebrating the longest day of the year.
- Many Russian celebrities, successful businessmen and others buy houses near the beach, and a variety of festivals and other activities attract increasing crowds each summer.
- The “Jaunais Vilnis” New Wave music festival showcases the latest music from all over Europe.
- The republican cities were replaced with state cities (Valstspilsētas) after the 2021 administrative reform.
The route chosen included the narrow isthmus between Lielupe and the Gulf of Riga. A stretch of 13 km of the line runs within a kilometre of the sea, and there are ten stations within easy walking distance from the beach. This was a big boost to the development of Jūrmala as a series of resorts along the coast. The railway through Jūrmala is currently double-track and electrified. The current railway stations in Jūrmala, sorted from east to west, are Priedaine, Lielupe, Bulduri, Dzintari, Majori, Dubulti, Jaundubulti, Pumpuri, Melluži, Asari, Vaivari, Sloka and Ķemeri. Jūrmala’s reputation as a spa destination began in the late 18th and early 19th centuries.
The beach is equipped with playgrounds, small benches, football fields and volleyball courts, as well as descents for prams and wheelchairs. The 2017 European Beach Volleyball Championships was held from August 16 to August 20, 2017. The draw consisted of 32 men’s & 32 women’s teams, with 100,000 EUR prize money per gender.
Unlike the other listed entities, it is not a first-level administrative division of Latvia. However, they are also part of municipalities and serve as second-level administrative divisions. In Majori and Bulduri, where the Blue Flag flies, it is possible to rent water bicycles or relax in the beach cafe. In Dubulti and Dzintari competitions in beach football and volleyball take place, but on Pumpuri beach there is kite surfing and windsurfing.
From 2001 onwards Jūrmala hosted the “New Wave” competition for young pop singers from all over Europe. Due to a ban of several Russian media personalities from entering Latvia, both competitions were moved from Jūrmala in 2015. The 2012 Winter Swimming World Championships were hosted in Jūrmala in January with a then-record 1,129 participants attending. This made Latvia the 3rd international host since its inception in 2000 at Helsinki, Finland.
The most distinguishing architectural feature in Jūrmala is the prevalence of wooden houses dating from the 19th and first half of the 20th century. Most of the buildings were built by Baltic German and Latvian architects, but there are also works of Russian, Finnish and other architects. Jūrmala’s architecture typically falls into classicism, national romanticism, and modern styles.
Dzintari Forest Park
During World War II, Jūrmala lost its autonomy and by 1946 it was a district of Riga. Finally, in 1959 the district of Jūrmala was removed from the city of Riga and merged with the health resorts Sloka and Ķemeri to establish Jūrmalas pilsēta is paxful legit (City of Jūrmala). In publications dating from the Soviet period, the city name was occasionally spelled in English as “Yurmala”, a back-transliteration from Russian Юрмала. Ogre is a state city, but it is also part of Ogre Municipality.